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Setting up a company in Azerbaijan : Corporate taxes

Main corporate taxes

Main taxes Rate
Tax on profits 20%
Tax Rate For Foreign Companies Azerbaijan resident companies are subject to a profit tax on their worldwide income. Foreign companies are taxed uniquely on their Azerbaijan-source income.
In addition to the profit tax paid by a permanent establishment of a non-resident company, the amount repatriated from the net profit of such PE to the non-resident entity is taxed at the source of payment at a rate of 10%.
Capital Gains Taxation Capital gains are included in taxable income and taxed at the standard corporate tax rate of 20%.
Main Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits In general, expenses incurred to generate income are tax-deductible.
Depreciation of tangible and intangible assets are tax-deductible at rates varying between 7% (building and premises) and 25% (technological material, expenses incurred for geological works and exploitation of natural resources, means of transportation). The Azerbaijani tax legislation does not define nor provide for any tax deduction for goodwill.
Interest expenses may be deducted, but up to the limit of the interest rate on loans with similar currency and maturity at the interbank credit auction. If there is no such auction, the deduction is limited to 125% of the interbank auction credit rates published by the Central Bank of Azerbaijan.
Bad debts are considered tax-deductible (double debt deduction is possible if the debt is written off as worthless in the taxpayer's books).
Other deductible expenses include business trip costs (with varying limits) and repair expenses (for buildings and premises, the limit is 2%; for machinery and equipment, the limit is 5%; and for other fixed assets, the limit is 3%. Any amount exceeding the abovementioned limits shall be taken as an increase of the residual balance value of the fixed assets in the appropriate category).
Fines and penalties are not deductible. As of January 1, 2021, contributions transferred to the funds created for public and social purposes shall be tax-exempt for an 8-year period (capped at 10% of the reporting year's profit).
Net operating losses can be carried forward for up to five years. Carryback of losses is not permitted.
Other Corporate Taxes Real property tax is levied at a 1% rate on the average annual book value of the property (imposed on legal entities, natural persons are liable for property tax that is calculated by square metre). Land tax is levied on Azerbaijan’s land resources that are in the possession of or used by individuals or companies (legal entities holding an investment promotion certificate are exempt from land tax for seven years from the date of obtaining the certificate). The tax is calculated per square metre at varying rates depending on the type of land (agricultural, commercial, industrial). Azerbaijan does not levy transfer tax, but transferring property may incur notary fees. Similarly, there are no stamp duties except for certain notary fees.
Social security contributions payable by the employer amount to 3% of the employee's gross salary up to first AZN 200 and 10% on the excess. Employers are also liable for unemployment insurance contributions amounting to 0.5% of the gross salary of the employee. Employers (and employees) are required to make monthly medical insurance contributions calculated at 2% of monthly income up to AZN 8,000, and 0.5% on the excess.
Mining activity is subject to a separate tax on the final product's wholesale price (crude oil: 26%; natural gas: 20%; all type of metals: 3%; non-metallic minerals: AZN 0.04 to AZN 10 per cubic metre, depending on the type of the mineral resources).
50% of income derived from the disposal of shares held for at least three years is exempt from income tax. Furthermore, the tax code provides for a 50% exemption from profit tax for legal entities holding an investment promotion
Withholding Taxes
Dividends: 10%, Interest: 10%, Royalties: 0 (paid to resident companies)/14%
Tax Authorities
Overview of Azerbaijan's tax measures in response to Covid-19
Ministry of Taxes of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Ministry of Finance of Republic of Azerbaijan, Website in English.
Other Domestic Resources
Ministry of Finance

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Latest Update: July 2022