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Presentation of Germany : Foreign trade

Imports of Goods
(million USD) :
1,170,441 (Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2020)
Exports of Goods
(million USD) :
1,380,647 (Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2020)
Imports of Services
(million USD) :
307,130 (Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2020)
Exports of Services
(million USD) :
305,169 (Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2020)
Trade Balance (million USD) :
217,296 (Source: World Bank, 2020)
Foreign Trade
(in % of GDP) :
81.1 (Source: World Bank, 2020)
 

Main Partner Countries

Main Customers
(% of Exports)
2020
United States 8.6%
China 8.0%
France 7.5%
Netherlands 6.4%
United Kingdom 5.5%
See More Countries 64.0%
Main Suppliers
(% of Imports)
2020
China 11.5%
Netherlands 7.5%
United States 6.7%
Poland 5.7%
France 5.5%
See More Countries 63.1%

Source: Comtrade, Latest Available Data

 
 

Main Products

1,385.9 bn USD of products exported in 2020
Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally...Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars (excl. motor vehicles of heading 8702) 8.9%
Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed...Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses incl. those in the form of transdermal administration or in forms or packings for retail sale (excl. goods of heading 3002, 3005 or 3006) 4.4%
Parts and accessories for tractors, motor vehicles...Parts and accessories for tractors, motor vehicles for the transport of ten or more persons, motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, motor vehicles for the transport of goods and special purpose motor vehicles of heading 8701 to 8705, n.e.s. 3.9%
Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic...Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excl. yeasts) and similar products 2.4%
Powered aircraft e.g. helicopters and aeroplanes;...Powered aircraft e.g. helicopters and aeroplanes; spacecraft, incl. satellites, and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles 1.5%
See More Products 78.9%
1,173.2 bn USD of products imported in 2020
Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally...Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars (excl. motor vehicles of heading 8702) 5.6%
Parts and accessories for tractors, motor vehicles...Parts and accessories for tractors, motor vehicles for the transport of ten or more persons, motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, motor vehicles for the transport of goods and special purpose motor vehicles of heading 8701 to 8705, n.e.s. 2.9%
Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed...Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses incl. those in the form of transdermal administration or in forms or packings for retail sale (excl. goods of heading 3002, 3005 or 3006) 2.9%
Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic...Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excl. yeasts) and similar products 2.5%
Automatic data processing machines and units...Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, n.e.s. 2.4%
See More Products 83.7%

Source: Comtrade, Latest Available Data

 

Main Services

287.5 bn USD of services exported in 2018
31.26%
22.32%
12.96%
11.65%
8.24%
5.34%
4.72%
1.83%
0.91%
0.78%
304.8 bn USD of services imported in 2018
29.91%
24.77%
21.39%
10.67%
5.11%
2.83%
2.17%
1.92%
0.75%
0.48%

Source: Comtrade, Latest Available Data

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Latest Update: June 2022