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Jordanian Market : Main sectors

Agriculture represented 5.2% of the GDP and employed 2.5% of the workforce in 2021 (World Bank, 2022). The lack of water creates an obstacle to agricultural development. The principal crops are wheat, barley, lentil, tomato, cucumbers, eggplant, citrus fruits, olives, strawberries and grapes. Phosphates and potassium are the only natural resources of the country. Six uranium deposits, accounting for 3% of the world's reserves, were discovered in recent years and the country has signed around 20 international agreements in the field of atomic energy.

Industry contributed 23.9% of the GDP and employed around 24.5% of the workforce in 2021 (World Bank, 2022). Mining and quarrying (mainly phosphate and potash) are among the major industries. The manufacturing sector is rather limited and dominated by textiles, a sector presently in a state of crisis due to international competition.

The services sector, which employed 73.1% of the workforce, contributed 61.6% of the GDP in 2022 (World Bank,2022). Communication technologies and financial services are particularly active in the country. The sectors of distribution and tourism infrastructure also contribute substantially to GDP, although they experienced a slowdown in recent years. The construction and transport sectors are constantly expanding.

 
 

Main Products

7.9 bn USD of products exported in 2020
Special garments for professional, sporting or...Special garments for professional, sporting or other purposes, n.e.s., knitted or crocheted 18.8%
Mineral or chemical potassic fertilizers (excl....Mineral or chemical potassic fertilizers (excl. those in pellet or similar forms, or in packages with a gross weight of <= 10 kg) 6.8%
Gold, incl. gold plated with platinum, unwrought...Gold, incl. gold plated with platinum, unwrought or not further worked than semi-manufactured or in powder form 5.5%
Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed...Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses incl. those in the form of transdermal administration or in forms or packings for retail sale (excl. goods of heading 3002, 3005 or 3006) 5.4%
Natural calcium phosphates and natural aluminium...Natural calcium phosphates and natural aluminium calcium phosphates, natural and phosphatic chalk 4.3%
See More Products 59.2%
17.0 bn USD of products imported in 2020
Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally...Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons, incl. station wagons and racing cars (excl. motor vehicles of heading 8702) 4.6%
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous...Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (excl. crude); preparations containing >= 70% by weight of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations, n.e.s.; waste oils containing mainly petroleum or bituminous minerals 4.4%
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous...Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude 3.3%
Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed...Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses incl. those in the form of transdermal administration or in forms or packings for retail sale (excl. goods of heading 3002, 3005 or 3006) 2.8%
Electrical apparatus for line telephony or line...Electrical apparatus for line telephony or line telegraphy, incl. line telephone sets with cordless handsets and telecommunication apparatus for carrier-current line systems or for digital line systems; videophones; parts thereof 2.7%
See More Products 82.2%

Source: Comtrade, Latest Available Data

 
 
Breakdown of Economic Activity By Sector Agriculture Industry Services
Employment By Sector (in % of Total Employment) 2.5 24.5 73.1
Value Added (in % of GDP) 5.2 23.9 61.6
Value Added (Annual % Change) 1.6 -2.4 -1.0

Source: World Bank - Latest available data.

 

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Type of Production
For the resources for businesses on managing the manufacturing and the supply chain risk due to the outbreak of the Covid19 pandemic, please consult the report COVID-19: Managing supply chain risk and disruption (Deloitte Canada, 2020), as well as the insights on COVID-19: How to fortify your supply chain (Kearney, 2020).
The World Economic Forum's COVID Action Platform provides useful information on the latest strategic trends regarding COVID-19 implications for businesses, including manufacturing and supply systems. The report Outbreak Readiness and Business Impact (World Economic Forum in collaboration with the Harvard Global Health Institute) offers insights on handling coronavirus by businesses and strategies for effective response and resilience.

The Jordanian industrial sector is divided into two fields.

- On the one hand, the manufacturing sector which is dominated by activities of leather processing and making shoes, by the chemical and plastics industries, by the telecommunications industry, by the manufacturing of furniture, by agrifood and packaging.

- On the other hand, mining activities which represent 2% of GDP.

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Latest Update: July 2022