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Pakistan flag Pakistan:

Regulation and customs in Pakistan : Social dialogue

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The labour relations in Pakistan are controlled by the Industrial Relations Ordinance of 2002 gives industrial workers the right to form trade unions and bargain.
The country’s petroleum sector is subject to the Essential Services Maintenance Act. The Act bans strikes, limits workers’ rights to change employment, and affords little recourse to a fired worker, but allows collective bargaining. However, this legislation is not applied very frequently.

The government of Pakistan has ratified 34 ILO conventions relating to human rights, workers' rights and working conditions.
Pakistan Workers Federation
All Pakistan Trade Union Congress
Unionisation Rate

10% in industrial labor force.

5% in total labor force.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Pakistan Manpower Institute
Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development

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Latest Update: July 2022